Crunches (also referred to as abdominal muscles) work the rectus abdominis muscle in the midsection of your body--but can also engage the internal/external oblique muscles, especially with rotation added onto the movements. But for a truly hardened core, you need to also target your side, back, psoas, and gluteal muscles. That means you should add things like planks, Russian twists, and flutter kicks to your routine.

To make crunches effective in providing results you would have to work out all of four muscles on a regular basis:

This why you will commonly hear people say that it is impossible to target a muscle to burn belly fat. You have to work out several muscles to start seeing results. In any occasion crunches are a great way to strike out the rectus abdominis workouts with a little bit of internal/external obliques.



  1. Lie flat on your back with your feet flat on the ground, or resting on a bench with your knees bent at a 90 degree angle. If you are resting your feet on a bench, place them three to four inches apart and point your toes inward so they touch.
  2. Now place your hands lightly on either side of your head keeping your elbows in. Tip: Don't lock your fingers behind your head.
  3. While pushing the small of your back down in the floor to better isolate your abdominal muscles, begin to roll your shoulders off the floor.
  4. Continue to push down as hard as you can with your lower back as you contract your abdominals and exhale. Your shoulders should come up off the floor only about four inches, and your lower back should remain on the floor. At the top of the movement, contract your abdominals hard and keep the contraction for a second. Tip: Focus on slow, controlled movement - don't cheat yourself by using momentum.
  5. After the one second contraction, begin to come down slowly again to the starting position as you inhale.
  6. Repeat for the recommended amount of repetitions.

Variations: There are many variations for the crunch. You can perform the exercise with weights, or on top of an exercise ball or on a decline bench.

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